HOW TO INCREASE ROOT FILE SYSTEM IF ITS MOUNTED ON LVM(By extending existing disk)

HOW TO INCREASE ROOT FILE SYSTEM IF ITS MOUNTED ON LVM(By extending existing disk)

[root@master ~]# df -hT
Filesystem Type Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/mapper/centos-root xfs 18G 1.3G 17G 8% /
devtmpfs devtmpfs 479M 0 479M 0% /dev
tmpfs tmpfs 489M 0 489M 0% /dev/shm
tmpfs tmpfs 489M 6.7M 483M 2% /run
tmpfs tmpfs 489M 0 489M 0% /sys/fs/cgroup
/dev/sda1 xfs 497M 114M 384M 23% /boot
tmpfs tmpfs 98M 0 98M 0% /run/user/0

[root@master ~]# lsblk
NAME MAJ:MIN RM SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT
sda 8:0 0 40G 0 disk
├─sda1 8:1 0 500M 0 part /boot
├─sda2 8:2 0 19.5G 0 part
│ ├─centos-root 253:0 0 17.5G 0 lvm /
│ └─centos-swap 253:1 0 2G 0 lvm [SWAP]
└─sda3 8:3 0 20G 0 part
sr0 11:0 1 7.2G 0 rom
[root@master ~]# fdisk /dev/sda
Welcome to fdisk (util-linux 2.23.2).

Changes will remain in memory only, until you decide to write them.
Be careful before using the write command.
Command (m for help): p

Disk /dev/sda: 42.9 GB, 42949672960 bytes, 83886080 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk label type: dos
Disk identifier: 0x000464ce

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/sda1 * 2048 1026047 512000 83 Linux
/dev/sda2 1026048 41943039 20458496 8e Linux LVM

Command (m for help): n
Partition type:
p primary (2 primary, 0 extended, 2 free)
e extended
Select (default p): p
Partition number (3,4, default 3):
First sector (41943040-83886079, default 41943040):
Using default value 41943040
Last sector, +sectors or +size{K,M,G} (41943040-83886079, default 83886079):
Using default value 83886079
Partition 3 of type Linux and of size 20 GiB is set

Command (m for help): p

Disk /dev/sda: 42.9 GB, 42949672960 bytes, 83886080 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk label type: dos
Disk identifier: 0x000464ce

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/sda1 * 2048 1026047 512000 83 Linux
/dev/sda2 1026048 41943039 20458496 8e Linux LVM
/dev/sda3 41943040 83886079 20971520 83 Linux

Command (m for help): t
Partition number (1-3, default 3): 3
Hex code (type L to list all codes): L

0 Empty 24 NEC DOS 81 Minix / old Lin bf Solaris
1 FAT12 27 Hidden NTFS Win 82 Linux swap / So c1 DRDOS/sec (FAT-
2 XENIX root 39 Plan 9 83 Linux c4 DRDOS/sec (FAT-
3 XENIX usr 3c PartitionMagic 84 OS/2 hidden C: c6 DRDOS/sec (FAT-
4 FAT16 <32M 40 Venix 80286 85 Linux extended c7 Syrinx
5 Extended 41 PPC PReP Boot 86 NTFS volume set da Non-FS data
6 FAT16 42 SFS 87 NTFS volume set db CP/M / CTOS / .
7 HPFS/NTFS/exFAT 4d QNX4.x 88 Linux plaintext de Dell Utility
8 AIX 4e QNX4.x 2nd part 8e Linux LVM df BootIt
9 AIX bootable 4f QNX4.x 3rd part 93 Amoeba e1 DOS access
a OS/2 Boot Manag 50 OnTrack DM 94 Amoeba BBT e3 DOS R/O
b W95 FAT32 51 OnTrack DM6 Aux 9f BSD/OS e4 SpeedStor
c W95 FAT32 (LBA) 52 CP/M a0 IBM Thinkpad hi eb BeOS fs
e W95 FAT16 (LBA) 53 OnTrack DM6 Aux a5 FreeBSD ee GPT
f W95 Ext’d (LBA) 54 OnTrackDM6 a6 OpenBSD ef EFI (FAT-12/16/
10 OPUS 55 EZ-Drive a7 NeXTSTEP f0 Linux/PA-RISC b
11 Hidden FAT12 56 Golden Bow a8 Darwin UFS f1 SpeedStor
12 Compaq diagnost 5c Priam Edisk a9 NetBSD f4 SpeedStor
14 Hidden FAT16 ❤ 61 SpeedStor ab Darwin boot f2 DOS secondary
16 Hidden FAT16 63 GNU HURD or Sys af HFS / HFS+ fb VMware VMFS
17 Hidden HPFS/NTF 64 Novell Netware b7 BSDI fs fc VMware VMKCORE
18 AST SmartSleep 65 Novell Netware b8 BSDI swap fd Linux raid auto
1b Hidden W95 FAT3 70 DiskSecure Mult bb Boot Wizard hid fe LANstep
1c Hidden W95 FAT3 75 PC/IX be Solaris boot ff BBT
1e Hidden W95 FAT1 80 Old Minix
Hex code (type L to list all codes): 8e
Changed type of partition ‘Linux’ to ‘Linux LVM’

Command (m for help): p

Disk /dev/sda: 42.9 GB, 42949672960 bytes, 83886080 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk label type: dos
Disk identifier: 0x000464ce

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/sda1 * 2048 1026047 512000 83 Linux
/dev/sda2 1026048 41943039 20458496 8e Linux LVM
/dev/sda3 41943040 83886079 20971520 8e Linux LVM

Command (m for help): w
The partition table has been altered!

Calling ioctl() to re-read partition table.

WARNING: Re-reading the partition table failed with error 16: Device or resource busy.
The kernel still uses the old table. The new table will be used at
the next reboot or after you run partprobe(8) or kpartx(8)
Syncing disks.
[root@master ~]# partprobe

[root@master ~]# fdisk -l

Disk /dev/sda: 42.9 GB, 42949672960 bytes, 83886080 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk label type: dos
Disk identifier: 0x000464ce

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/sda1 * 2048 1026047 512000 83 Linux
/dev/sda2 1026048 41943039 20458496 8e Linux LVM
/dev/sda3 41943040 83886079 20971520 8e Linux LVM

Disk /dev/mapper/centos-root: 18.8 GB, 18756927488 bytes, 36634624 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk /dev/mapper/centos-swap: 2147 MB, 2147483648 bytes, 4194304 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
[root@master ~]# pvcreate /dev/sda3
Physical volume “/dev/sda3” successfully created

[root@master ~]# pvscan
PV /dev/sda2 VG centos lvm2 [19.51 GiB / 40.00 MiB free]
PV /dev/sda3 VG centos lvm2 [20.00 GiB / 20.00 GiB free]
Total: 2 [39.50 GiB] / in use: 2 [39.50 GiB] / in no VG: 0 [0 ]

[root@master ~]# vgs
VG #PV #LV #SN Attr VSize VFree
centos 1 2 0 wz–n- 19.51g 40.00m

[root@master ~]# vgextend centos /dev/sda3
Volume group “centos” successfully extended

[root@master ~]# vgs
VG #PV #LV #SN Attr VSize VFree
centos 2 2 0 wz–n- 39.50g 40.00m
[root@master ~]# lvs
LV VG Attr LSize Pool Origin Data% Meta% Move Log Cpy%Sync Convert
root centos -wi-ao—- 17.47g
swap centos -wi-ao—- 2.00g

[root@master ~]# lvextend /dev/centos/root /dev/sda3
Size of logical volume centos/root changed from 17.47 GiB (4472 extents) to 37.46 GiB (9591 extents).
Logical volume root successfully resized.

[root@master ~]# lvs
LV VG Attr LSize Pool Origin Data% Meta% Move Log Cpy%Sync Convert
root centos -wi-ao—- 37.46g
swap centos -wi-ao—- 2.00g

[root@master ~]# lsblk
NAME MAJ:MIN RM SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT
sda 8:0 0 40G 0 disk
├─sda1 8:1 0 500M 0 part /boot
├─sda2 8:2 0 19.5G 0 part
│ ├─centos-root 253:0 0 37.5G 0 lvm /
│ └─centos-swap 253:1 0 2G 0 lvm [SWAP]
└─sda3 8:3 0 20G 0 part
└─centos-root 253:0 0 37.5G 0 lvm /
sr0 11:0 1 7.2G 0 rom

[root@master ~]# resize2fs /dev/centos/root
resize2fs 1.42.9 (28-Dec-2013)
resize2fs: Bad magic number in super-block while trying to open /dev/centos/root
Couldn’t find valid filesystem superblock.

[root@master ~]# xfs_growfs /dev/centos/root
meta-data=/dev/mapper/centos-root isize=256 agcount=4, agsize=1144832 blks
= sectsz=512 attr=2, projid32bit=1
= crc=0 finobt=0
data = bsize=4096 blocks=4579328, imaxpct=25
= sunit=0 swidth=0 blks
naming =version 2 bsize=4096 ascii-ci=0 ftype=0
log =internal bsize=4096 blocks=2560, version=2
= sectsz=512 sunit=0 blks, lazy-count=1
realtime =none extsz=4096 blocks=0, rtextents=0
data blocks changed from 4579328 to 9821184

[root@master ~]# df -hT
Filesystem Type Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/mapper/centos-root xfs 38G 1.3G 37G 4% /
devtmpfs devtmpfs 479M 0 479M 0% /dev
tmpfs tmpfs 489M 0 489M 0% /dev/shm
tmpfs tmpfs 489M 6.7M 483M 2% /run
tmpfs tmpfs 489M 0 489M 0% /sys/fs/cgroup
/dev/sda1 xfs 497M 114M 384M 23% /boot
tmpfs tmpfs 98M 0 98M 0% /run/user/0

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s