Adding roles in Ansible

[root@aserver ~]# ls -l /etc/ansible/
total 28
-rw-r–r–. 1 root root 14396 Nov 4 14:58 ansible.cfg
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 1064 Dec 31 14:54 hosts
-rw-r–r–. 1 root root 125 Nov 16 07:16 index.html
drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root 4096 Nov 4 14:58 roles
[root@aserver ~]# ls -l /etc/ansible/roles/
total 0

root@aserver ~]# ansible-galaxy search username.rolename

Found 412 roles matching your search:

Name Description
—- ———–
ddilts.change_password changes password if username is found
laggyluke.add-ssh-keys-from-github Given a list of GitHub usernames, this Ansible role downloads their SSH public keys from GitH
vicenteg.user_account
ANXS.generic-users Manage users
modcloth.user SUCH A USER
franklinkim.users Manages users
SimpliField.users Setup users
[root@aserver ~]# cd /etc/ansible/roles/

[root@aserver roles]# ansible-galaxy init role_name
– role_name was created successfully
[root@aserver roles]# ansible-galaxy init webservers
– webservers was created successfully
[root@aserver roles]# ansible-galaxy init backups
– backups was created successfully

[root@aserver roles]# ansible-galaxy init common
– common was created successfully

[root@aserver roles]# ls -l common/
total 36
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Dec 31 23:50 defaults
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Dec 31 23:50 files
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Dec 31 23:50 handlers
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Dec 31 23:50 meta
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 1328 Dec 31 23:50 README.md
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Dec 31 23:50 tasks
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Dec 31 23:50 templates
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Dec 31 23:50 tests
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Dec 31 23:50 vars

[root@aserver roles]# ls -l
total 12
drwxr-xr-x 10 root root 4096 Dec 31 23:31 backups
drwxr-xr-x 10 root root 4096 Dec 31 23:29 role_name
drwxr-xr-x 10 root root 4096 Dec 31 23:30 webservers
[root@aserver roles]# ls -l backups/
total 36
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Dec 31 23:30 defaults
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Dec 31 23:30 files
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Dec 31 23:30 handlers
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Dec 31 23:31 meta
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 1328 Dec 31 23:30 README.md
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Dec 31 23:31 tasks
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Dec 31 23:31 templates
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Dec 31 23:31 tests
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Dec 31 23:31 vars
[root@aserver roles]# ls -l webservers/
total 36
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Dec 31 23:30 defaults
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Dec 31 23:30 files
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Dec 31 23:30 handlers
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Dec 31 23:30 meta
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 1328 Dec 31 23:30 README.md
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Dec 31 23:30 tasks
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Dec 31 23:30 templates
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Dec 31 23:30 tests
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Dec 31 23:30 vars
[root@aserver roles]# ls -l role_name/
total 36
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Dec 31 23:28 defaults
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Dec 31 23:28 files
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Dec 31 23:28 handlers
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Dec 31 23:29 meta
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 1328 Dec 31 23:28 README.md
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Dec 31 23:29 tasks
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Dec 31 23:29 templates
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Dec 31 23:29 tests
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Dec 31 23:29 vars

=====================================================================

[root@aserver ~]# ansible-galaxy search ssh

Found 158 roles matching your search:

Name Description
—- ———–
wtanaka.sshd sshd
[root@aserver ~]# ansible-galaxy install wtanaka.sshd
– downloading role ‘sshd’, owned by wtanaka
– downloading role from https://github.com/wtanaka/ansible-role-sshd/archive/master.tar.gz
– extracting wtanaka.sshd to /etc/ansible/roles/wtanaka.sshd
– wtanaka.sshd was installed successfully

[root@aserver ~]# ls -l /etc/ansible/roles/
total 16
drwxr-xr-x 10 root root 4096 Dec 31 23:31 backups
drwxr-xr-x 10 root root 4096 Dec 31 23:29 role_name
drwxr-xr-x 10 root root 4096 Dec 31 23:30 webservers
drwxr-xr-x 4 root root 4096 Dec 31 23:42 wtanaka.sshd
[root@aserver ~]# ls -l /etc/ansible/roles/wtanaka.sshd/
total 16
-rw-rw-r– 1 root root 363 Dec 6 00:16 circle.yml
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Dec 31 23:42 meta
-rw-rw-r– 1 root root 498 Dec 6 00:16 README.md
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Dec 31 23:42 tasks

[root@aserver ~]# ls -l /etc/ansible/roles/wtanaka.sshd/meta/
total 4
-rw-rw-r– 1 root root 449 Dec 6 00:16 main.yml

[root@aserver ~]# ls -l /etc/ansible/roles/wtanaka.sshd/tasks/
total 8
-rw-rw-r– 1 root root 2866 Dec 6 00:16 compat.yml
-rw-rw-r– 1 root root 180 Dec 6 00:16 main.yml

[root@aserver ~]# cat /etc/ansible/roles/wtanaka.sshd/meta/main.yml

galaxy_info:
author: Wesley Tanaka
description: sshd
company: http://wtanaka.com/
license: GPLv2
min_ansible_version: 1.5.4
platforms:
– name: Ubuntu
versions:
– trusty
– wily
categories:
– networking
dependencies: []
# List your role dependencies here, one per line. Only
# dependencies available via galaxy should be listed here.
# Be sure to remove the ‘[]’ above if you add dependencies
# to this list.

[root@aserver ~]# cat /etc/ansible/roles/wtanaka.sshd/tasks/main.yml

– include: compat.yml

– name: apt-get update
apt: update_cache=true cache_valid_time=3600
sudo: yes

– name: install openssh-server
apt: name=openssh-server
sudo: yes

==========================================================================

[root@aserver roles]# cat common/defaults/main.yml

# defaults file for common
[root@aserver roles]# ls common/files/
[root@aserver roles]# cat common/handlers/main.yml

# handlers file for common
[root@aserver roles]# cat common/meta/main.yml
galaxy_info:
author: your name
description: your description
company: your company (optional)

# If the issue tracker for your role is not on github, uncomment the
# next line and provide a value
# issue_tracker_url: http://example.com/issue/tracker

# Some suggested licenses:
# – BSD (default)
# – MIT
# – GPLv2
# – GPLv3
# – Apache
# – CC-BY
license: license (GPLv2, CC-BY, etc)

min_ansible_version: 1.2

# Optionally specify the branch Galaxy will use when accessing the GitHub
# repo for this role. During role install, if no tags are available,
# Galaxy will use this branch. During import Galaxy will access files on
# this branch. If travis integration is cofigured, only notification for this
# branch will be accepted. Otherwise, in all cases, the repo’s default branch
# (usually master) will be used.
#github_branch:

#
# Below are all platforms currently available. Just uncomment
# the ones that apply to your role. If you don’t see your
# platform on this list, let us know and we’ll get it added!
#
#platforms:
#- name: OpenBSD
# versions:
# – all
# – 5.6
# – 5.7
# – 5.8
# – 5.9
# – 6.0
#- name: Fedora
# versions:
# – all
# – 16
# – 17
# – 18
# – 19
# – 20
# – 21
# – 22
# – 23
# – 24
# – 25
#- name: DellOS
# versions:
# – all
# – 10
# – 6
# – 9
#- name: MacOSX
# versions:
# – all
# – 10.10
# – 10.11
# – 10.12
# – 10.7
# – 10.8
# – 10.9
#- name: Synology
# versions:
# – all
# – any
#- name: Junos
# versions:
# – all
# – any
#- name: GenericBSD
# versions:
# – all
# – any
#- name: Void Linux
# versions:
# – all
# – any
#- name: GenericLinux
# versions:
# – all
# – any
#- name: NXOS
# versions:
# – all
# – any
#- name: IOS
# versions:
# – all
# – any
#- name: Amazon
# versions:
# – all
# – 2013.03
# – 2013.09
# – 2016.03
# – 2016.09
#- name: ArchLinux
# versions:
# – all
# – any
#- name: FreeBSD
# versions:
# – all
# – 10.0
# – 10.1
# – 10.2
# – 10.3
# – 11.0
# – 8.0
# – 8.1
# – 8.2
# – 8.3
# – 8.4
# – 9.0
# – 9.1
# – 9.1
# – 9.2
# – 9.3
#- name: Ubuntu
# versions:
# – all
# – lucid
# – maverick
# – natty
# – oneiric
# – precise
# – quantal
# – raring
# – saucy
# – trusty
# – utopic
# – vivid
# – wily
# – xenial
# – yakkety
#- name: Debian
# versions:
# – all
# – etch
# – jessie
# – lenny
# – sid
# – squeeze
# – stretch
# – wheezy
#- name: Alpine
# versions:
# – all
# – any
#- name: EL
# versions:
# – all
# – 5
# – 6
# – 7
#- name: Windows
# versions:
# – all
# – 2012R2
#- name: SmartOS
# versions:
# – all
# – any
#- name: opensuse
# versions:
# – all
# – 12.1
# – 12.2
# – 12.3
# – 13.1
# – 13.2
#- name: SLES
# versions:
# – all
# – 10SP3
# – 10SP4
# – 11
# – 11SP1
# – 11SP2
# – 11SP3
# – 11SP4
# – 12
# – 12SP1
#- name: GenericUNIX
# versions:
# – all
# – any
#- name: Solaris
# versions:
# – all
# – 10
# – 11.0
# – 11.1
# – 11.2
# – 11.3
#- name: eos
# versions:
# – all
# – Any

galaxy_tags: []
# List tags for your role here, one per line. A tag is
# a keyword that describes and categorizes the role.
# Users find roles by searching for tags. Be sure to
# remove the ‘[]’ above if you add tags to this list.
#
# NOTE: A tag is limited to a single word comprised of
# alphanumeric characters. Maximum 20 tags per role.

dependencies: []
# List your role dependencies here, one per line.
# Be sure to remove the ‘[]’ above if you add dependencies
# to this list.[root@aserver roles]# cat common/README.md
Role Name
=========

A brief description of the role goes here.

Requirements
————

Any pre-requisites that may not be covered by Ansible itself or the role should be mentioned here. For instance, if the role uses the EC2 module, it may be a good idea to mention in this section that the boto package is required.

Role Variables
————–

A description of the settable variables for this role should go here, including any variables that are in defaults/main.yml, vars/main.yml, and any variables that can/should be set via parameters to the role. Any variables that are read from other roles and/or the global scope (ie. hostvars, group vars, etc.) should be mentioned here as well.

Dependencies
————

A list of other roles hosted on Galaxy should go here, plus any details in regards to parameters that may need to be set for other roles, or variables that are used from other roles.

Example Playbook
—————-

Including an example of how to use your role (for instance, with variables passed in as parameters) is always nice for users too:

– hosts: servers
roles:
– { role: username.rolename, x: 42 }

License
——-

BSD

Author Information
——————

An optional section for the role authors to include contact information, or a website (HTML is not allowed).
[root@aserver roles]# cat common/tasks/main.yml

# tasks file for common

[root@aserver roles]# cat common/tests/test.yml

– hosts: localhost
remote_user: root
roles:
– common

[root@aserver roles]# cat common/tests/inventory
localhost

[root@aserver roles]# cat common/.travis.yml

language: python
python: “2.7”

# Use the new container infrastructure
sudo: false

# Install ansible
addons:
apt:
packages:
– python-pip

install:
# Install ansible
– pip install ansible

# Check ansible version
– ansible –version

# Create ansible.cfg with correct roles_path
– printf ‘[defaults]\nroles_path=../’ >ansible.cfg

script:
# Basic role syntax check
– ansible-playbook tests/test.yml -i tests/inventory –syntax-check

notifications:
webhooks: https://galaxy.ansible.com/api/v1/notifications/%5Broot@aserver roles]#
[root@aserver roles]# cat common/vars/main.yml

# vars file for common

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s